- Dražanová, Lenka. 2017. Education and Tolerance. A Comparative Quantitative Analysis of the Educational Effect on Tolerance. Bern, Switzerland: Peter Lang.
Read more about the book here.
- Dražanová, Lenka and Andrew Roberts. 2020. Are nationalists better citizens? Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies The European Governance and Politics Programme (EGPP) 2020/90.
The recent rise in the popularity of nationalist movements tells us that more attention should be paid to the effects of national feeling on politics. This article considers the potential relationship between national identity and active and allegiant citizenship and particularly whether nationalists and patriots are better citizens than those who have weaker feelings towards their country. We analyze these relationships using data from the European Values Study in 2008 and 2017. Our main models control for a variety of political, social, and economic causes of good citizenship and include country fixed effects in addition to three measures of national feeling. Our findings indicate that civic national identity is connected with better citizenship on virtually all of our outcomes, whereas ethnic national identity is frequently connected with worse citizenship. We explain these results using social identity theory and theories of prejudice. The results suggest that politicians ignore or downplay national feeling at their peril.
Dražanová, Lenka. 2020. What Factors Determine Attitudes to Immigration? A Meta-Analysis of Political Science Research on Immigration Attitudes (2009-2019). Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies Research Paper No. RSCAS 2020/86.
Attitudes toward immigration have attracted much scholarly interest and fuelled extensive empirical research in recent years. Many different hypotheses have been proposed to explain individual and contextual differences in attitudes towards immigration. However, it has become difficult to align all of the evidence that the literature has produced so far. The present article contributes to the systematization of political science empirical research on public attitudes toward immigration in the last decade. Using a simplified combined-tests technique, this paper identifies the micro- as well as macro-level factors that are consistently linked to attitudes toward immigration. It reports findings from a meta-analysis of the determinants of general attitudes toward immigration in published articles in thirty highly ranked peer-reviewed political science journals for the years 2009 – 2019. The results warrant a summary of factors affecting attitudes to immigration in a systematic, measurable and rigorous manner.
- Dražanová, Lenka. 2020. Introducing the Historical Index of Ethnic Fractionalization (HIEF) Dataset: Accounting for Longitudinal Changes in Ethnic Diversity. Journal of Open Humanities Data, 6(1), p.6. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/johd.16
Dramatic changes in the ethnic composition of countries in the last decades have sparked new interest among social scientists in studying and uncovering the role of ethnic diversity on social, political and economic outcomes. Yet, most ethnic fractionalization indices used by scholars to study these effects treat ethnic heterogeneity as time-invariant, thus concealing its long-term effects. However, failing to take into account historical developments in ethnic composition might seriously hinder our understanding of their effects on social, economic, and political outcomes. This paper introduces a new dataset containing an annual ethnic fractionalization index for 162 countries across all continents in the period of 1945–2013. The Historical Index of Ethnic Fractionalization (HIEF) dataset is a natural extension of previous ethnic fractionalization indices. It offers the opportunity to study the effects of ethnic fractionalization across countries and over time. The article concludes by offering some preliminary descriptive analysis of patterns of change in ethnic fractionalization over time.
- Jeannet, Anne-Marie and Lenka Dražanová. 2019. Cast in the Same Mould: How Politics During the Impressionable Years Shapes Attitudes Towards Immigration in Later Life. Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies Research Paper No. RSCAS 2019/79. doi:10.2139/ssrn.3489216
This study investigates how the tenor of the political climate during a person’s youth affects his or her attitudes towards immigration in adulthood. We analyze why cohorts formulate distinct patterns in attitudes towards immigration through a collective process of political socialization during the formative years. The theoretical arguments are tested using hierarchical age-period-cohort modelling across twelve cohorts in nine European countries using micro attitudinal data (2002-2016) integrated with historical macro-political data. We find that contextual exposure to principles of equality and tradition in the formative political climate is central to the formulation of a person’s attitudes towards immigration later in life. While the prevalence of the principle of equality affects immigration attitudes in adulthood positively, the principle of tradition does so negatively. The findings imply that even subtle and cyclical shifts in national politics affect the political orientations of those undergoing the process of political socialization.
- Dražanová, Lenka. 2019. Multilevel Modelling of Binary and Ordinal Dependent Variables: Exploring the Effect of Education on Tolerance. SAGE Research Methods Cases. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.4135/9781526475985.
Using an analysis of variations in aggregate levels of tolerance as well as in the educational effect as a practical example, this case study shows how to apply multilevel modelling techniques using multilevel logistic and multilevel ordinal regression models. At the micro-level, data reported in the analysis are derived from the World Values Survey third wave (1995–1998) across 24 countries. At the macro-level, data are derived from the Polity IV project’s dataset regarding countries’ political regimes. The case study reviews the basic concepts, terminology, and applications of multilevel modelling.
- Dražanová, Lenka. 2015. National Identity and the Interplay between National Pride and Ethnic Exclusionism: The Exceptional Case of the Czech Republic. Ethnopolitics 14 (3): 235 – 255. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17449057.2014.942063
This article focuses on national identity in the post-communist Czech Republic. It empirically analyses attitudes of national pride and ethnic exclusionism and their interrelations in the years 1995 and 2003. Comparative studies dealing with national identity usually refer to the Czech Republic as an exceptional case. By focusing on the Czech case, this study contributes to a better understanding of local variations of concepts such as national pride and ethnic exclusionism. Confirmatory factor analysis is used to establish the multidimensionality of national pride and ethnic exclusionism in the Czech Republic at two time-points. The interrelationships between different dimensions of national pride and of ethnic exclusionism are analysed using structural equation modelling. Data are drawn from the International Social Survey Programme National Identity Modules 1995 and 2003. Following empirical results, the paper suggests more valid dimensions for the concepts of national pride and ethnic exclusionism in the distinctive Czech context and discusses their mutual relationships.
- Dražanová, Lenka. 2014. Structural Equation Modelling: The Interplay between National Pride and Ethnic Exclusionism in the Czech Republic. SAGE Research Methods Cases. http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/978144627305013514665
Using an article focused on national identity in the post-communist Czech Republic as a practical example, this case study shows how to empirically assess a research problem with the help of confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modelling. This article analyses attitudes of national pride and ethnic exclusionism and their interrelations in the Czech Republic for the year 2003. Data are drawn from the International Social Survey Programme National Identity Module 2003. First, confirmatory factor analysis is used to establish the multidimensionality of national pride and of ethnic exclusionism. Second, the interrelationships between different dimensions of national pride and of ethnic exclusionism are analysed using structural equation modelling. The case study reviews the basic concepts, terminology and applications of structural equation modelling.
Research and Policy Reports and Other Publications
- Gonnot, Jérôme, Lenka Dražanová and Claudia Brunori. 2020. Global Trends and Continental Differences in Attitudes to Immigration: Thinking Outside the Western Box. European University Institute, Migration Policy Centre: Policy Brief 2020/42.
- Wagner, Martin, Caitlin Katsiaficas, Josephine Liebl, Leila Hadj Abdou, Lenka Dražanová and Julien Jeandesboz. 2020. The State of Play of Schengen Governance: An assessment of the Schengen evaluation and monitoring mechanism in its first multiannual programme. European Parliament: Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs
Directorate-General for Internal Policies. PE 658.699 – November 2020.
The State of Play of Schengen Governance (EU Chronicle)
- Carnevale, Anthony P., Nicole Smith, Lenka Dražanová, Artem Gulish and Kathryn Peltier Campbell. 2020. The Role of Education in Taming Authoritarian Attitudes. The Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce.
Stakes Are High for Democracy With Colleges Under Siege (Inside Higher Ed)
Taming authoritarian attitudes (Democracy Digest)
Forse con la cultura non si mangia, ma ci si difende dall’autoritarismo (The Vision) in Italian
- Dražanová, Lenka, Thomas Liebig, Silvia Migali, Marco Scipioni and Gilles Spielvogel. 2020. What are Europeans’ views on migrant integration?: An in-depth analysis of 2017 Special Eurobarometer “Integration of immigrants in the European Union”, OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers, No. 238, OECD Publishing, Paris, https://doi.org/10.1787/f74bf2f5-en
Eurobarometer: Wie Europas Bürger über Migration und Integration denken (Bildungs Spiegel)
Government report coverage:
- Dražanová, Lenka. 2019. The Austrian parliamentary elections 2019: Are Austrians anti-immigrant? European University Institute, Migration Policy Centre: Policy Briefs 2019/14. doi:10.2870/356627
- Dennison, James and Lenka Dražanová. 2018. Public attitudes on migration: rethinking how people perceive migration. An analysis of existing opinion polls in the Euro-Mediterranean region. ICMPD Policy Report.
Has Europe turned its back on the duty to care? (Vox Europe)
- Dražanová, Lenka. 2016. Where and Why Are the Higher Educated More Inclined to Tolerate? Explaining the Educational Effect on Tolerance. Doctoral dissertation, Humboldt University in Berlin.
- Dražanová, Lenka. 2010. Does Education Matter for Democracy? An International Comparison of the Effect of Education on Democratic Attitudes and Xenophobia. Master´s thesis, Central European University, In Electronic Theses and Dissertations Collection (ETDs).
- Dražanová, Lenka. 2008. Populismus a nacionalismus v zemích Visegrádské skupiny po roce 1990 (‘Populism and Nationalism in the Visegrad Group Countries After 1990’). Parliament of the Czech Republic, Chancellery of the Chamber of Deputies, Parliamentary Institute, Study n˚ 1.192. doi: 10.13140/RG.2.2.10769.79205
- Dražanová, Lenka and Jindřiška Syllová. 2008. ‘Většinový volební systém v parlamentních volbách v různých státech’ (‘Majoritarian electoral systems for Parliamentary Elections in Different Countries’). Parliament of the Czech Republic, Chancellery of the Chamber of Deputies, Parliamentary Institute, Study n˚ 1.026, March 1994, review March 2008.
- Dražanová, Lenka, 2019, “Historical Index of Ethnic Fractionalization Dataset (HIEF)”, https://doi.org/10.7910/DVN/4JQRCL, Harvard Dataverse, V2, UNF:6:z4J/b/PKbUpNdIoeEFPvaw== [fileUNF]
Diversity and prosocial behavior (Science)
Academic blog posts and op-eds
- Dražanová, Lenka. Public attitudes to migrant workers: a (lasting) impact of Covid-19? MigResHub commentary, November 2020.
- Dražanová, Lenka. The long-term closure of schools due to COVID-19: Are we set for a less tolerant future? MPC Blog – Debate Migration, June 2020.
- Dražanová, Lenka. Austria’s snap election: Is the Freedom Party (FPÖ) going to fade away? EUIdeas corporate blog of the European University Institute, October 2019.
- Dražanová, Lenka. Austria’s snap election: Why has the far-right Freedom Party suffered such heavy losses? University of Oslo, Center for Research on Extremism “Right Now!” blog, September 2019.
- Dražanová, Lenka. Measuring Changes in Ethnic Diversity Over Time: The Historical Index of Ethnic Fractionalization Dataset (HIEF) MPC Blog – Debate Migration, September 2019.
- Dražanová, Lenka. Eurobarometro, speciale immigrazione: in che modo le opinioni degli italiani differiscono da quelle dei cittadini europei? Questione Giustizia, December 2018.
- Dražanová, Lenka. Gender studies novým nepřítelem. Orbán pokračuje v tažení proti „liberalismu“. Op-ed for Deník Referendum, November 2018.
- Dražanová, Lenka. The Special Eurobarometer on Integration of immigrants in the European Union: How do Italians differ in their views compared to the rest of Europe? MPC Blog – Debate Migration, March 2018.
- Dražanová, Lenka. Immigration and the Czech presidential election. The London School of Economics and Political Science´s EUROPP – European Politics and Policy blog, January 2018.